Last Updated: April 17, 2021


‘Lone Star State’ is Texas’ nickname as it got freedom from New Mexico and became an independent state formally. Texas joined the Union State on December 29, 1845, as the 28th U.S. states. Texas is a state in the South Central region of the United States. It is the second-largest U.S. state by area and second by population. Austin is the capital while Houston is the most populous city in Texas and the fourth largest in the U.S. Some other largest cities in Texas are San Antonio, Dallas, Austin, Fort worth, and El Paso.

Texas shares borders with the state of Louisiana to the east, Arkansas to the northeast, Oklahoma to the north, New Mexico to the west, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon and the Tamaulipas to the south and southwest and has a coastline with the Gulf of Mexico to the southeast. Because of the state size, its climate is highly variable. Most of the time the weather is cool and snowy.

The state has diversified economic sectors including tourism, agriculture, petrochemical, energy, computers and electronics, aerospace and biomedical sciences. In the mid 20th century, Texas began to transform from a rural and agricultural state to one urban and industrialised. Besides, The state is ranked No.1 for revenue generated from total livestock and livestock products and No.2 for total agricultural revenue, behind California. With 1886.96 billion U.S dollars, it is the second by Gross Domestic Product in America. Additionally, The state is greatly advanced in technology and ahead in education. Two of the best universities in Texas are The university of Texas at Austin and Texas A&M University.

Travelling from east to west, one can observe terrain that ranges from coastal swamps and piney woods, to rolling plains and rugged hills, and finally the desert and mountains for the Big Bend. Some of the best places to visit in Texas are San Antonio RiverWalk, Big Bend National Park, The Alamo, Palo Duro Canyon State, Dallas Museum of Art, Space Centre Houston, Cadillac Ranch, Six Flags Fiesta Texas, Lady Bird Lake etc.

Key Facts: 

  • In 2019, the mining industry added 262.billion value to the state GDP which was the top contributor to the state’s economy.
  • In 2020, the unemployment rate in Texas was at 7.6 percent. 
  • In 2020, the per capita personal income in Texas was 54,841 U.S. dollars. 
  • In 2019, the average annual pay of employees in Texas totalled 59,803 U.S. dollars.
  • In May 2020, the value of Texas’ imports amounted to about 15.83 billion U.S. dollars; its exports valued about 14.91 billion U.S. dollars that month.