Last Updated: April 17, 2021


Pennsylvania, officially known as the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, was one of the 13 colonies leading to the existence of the United States of America. On December 12, 1787, it was admitted to the union as the 2nd state evidenced by the presence of Independence Hall in the state’s largest city Philadelphia where the United States Declaration of Independence and the United States Constitution were drafted.

The state is located in the Mid-Atlantic, North-eastern and Appalachian regions of the United States of America bordered by Delaware, West Virginia, Ohio, Lake Erie, the Canadian province of Ontario, New York, New Jersey and the Appalachian Mountains.

Pennsylvania is the 33rd largest state by area and the 6th most populous and 9th most densely populated of 50 U.S. states. Harrisburg is the capital of the state while some of its largest cities include Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Allentown, Erie, Reading etc. The entire state experiences cold winters and hot and humid summers.

The state ranks as the 6th largest contributor to the US economy. Some of the key industries in the state’s economy are finance, insurance, real estate, rental, leasing, Natural gas, Manufacturing, Agribusiness, taxation, Tourism and Banking. The education and health are both stable in the state. There are some prestigious universities in the state including University of Pennsylvania, Carnegie Mellon University, The Pennsylvania State University and The University of Pittsburgh which are also members of the Association of American Universities. 

The state has some of the wonderful tourist destinations including Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Lake Erie, Pocono Mountains, Lancaster, Gettysburg, Longwood Gardens, Independence National Park and Liberty Bell, Hershey Park, Philadelphia Museum of Art etc. Visit and enjoy Pennsylvania.

Key Facts:

  • In 2020, the per capita personal income in Pennsylvania was 62,198 U.S. dollars.
  • In 2019, the Per Capita real GDP of Pennsylvania stood at 56,868.
  • In 2020, the unemployment rate in Pennsylvania was at 9.1 percent.
  • About 1.23 million people were employed in the education and health services industry in Pennsylvania as of 2020 which was the highest employer.
  • The trade, transportation and utilities industry employed the second-highest number of people in the state, at about 1.06 million people.