North Dakota

Last Updated: April 17, 2021


North Dakota, located in the centre of the North American continent and borders Canada to the North, is the nineteenth largest in area, the fourth-least populous and the fourth scarcely populated of the 50 U.S. States. The word ‘Dakota’ is a Sioux Lakota and or Dakota word meaning “allies” or “friends”. The state was admitted to the union on November 2, 1889, as 39th states. Bismarck is the capital of North Dakota while some of its largest cities include Fargo, Grand Forks, Minot, West, Fargo etc.

Most of the state is covered in grassland as crops cover extensively eastern North Dakota. Agriculture is North Dakota’s largest industry. Some other major industries include Oil and gas, petroleum, food processing, technology, tourism and services.

The climate of the state differs but it is mostly warm in summers and cold in winters. Even though North Dakota is considered the least visited state because of not being rich with tourists attractions, tourism contributes as much as $3 billion to the state’s economy annually. Some of the best places to visit in the country are Theodore Roosevelt National Park, National Buffalo Museum, Fort Abraham Lincoln State Park, Bismarck, Fargo, Lake Sakakawea etc.

Key Facts:

  • The Per Capita Personal Income in North Dakota was 59,388 in 2020.
  • As of December 2019, with a 2.4 percent unemployment rate, the state’s unemployment rate is among the lowest in the nation.
  • In 2019, the real GDP of North Dakota was 54.1 billion U.S. dollars.
  • As of May 2020, North Dakota’s imports amounted to about 218 million U.S. dollars and its exports valued at 128.5 million U.S dollars that month. 
  • The unemployment rate in the state as of 2020 was at 5.1 percent.
  • In 2019, the average annual pay of employees in North Dakota totalled 54,102 U.S. dollars.