Last Updated: April 17, 2021


Idaho is a state in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. The state was admitted to the union on July 3, 1890, becoming the 43rd state of the United States of America. 

The official nickname of the state is the “Gem State” which refers to Idaho’s natural beauty. Idaho is the 14th largest, the 12th least populous and the 7th densely populated of the U.S. states. The states capital and most populous city is Boise.

Geographically, its boundaries are with the Canadian province of British Columbia to the North and the U.S. states of Montana and Wyoming to the east, Utah and Nevada to the south and Oregon and Washington to the west.

Industries that largely contribute to the state’s  economy are manufacturing, agriculture, mining, forestry and tourism. Idaho GDP was $83.666 billion in 2019.

The state is naturally beautiful. There are numerous charming sites to explore in the state. Moreover, Idaho is quite mountainous, and contains several stretches of the Rocky Mountains. Some of the natural beauty of Idaho are Lake pend oreille, Bruneau sand dunes, San tooth mountains, the great Idaho Rift, the Salmon rivers and craters of the moon.

Key Facts: 

  • As of November 2020, there are 145 millions people employed in the state. 
  • Idaho is an important agricultural state, producing nearly one-third of the potatoes grown in the United States.
  • Idaho has an unemployment rate of 2.8%.
  • Idaho’s Gross State Product (GSP) in 2019 reached $72.5 billion, with a growth of 3.4 % over the 5 years to 2019.
  • Businesses in Idaho employed a total of 24.2 million in 2018, with average annual employment growth at 2.6 %.